Important List Of Ramsar Sites In India, Ramsar Sites In India list, Ramsar sites in India upsc, How many Ramsar sites are in India ?

Important List Of 46 Ramsar Sites In India 2021

Let’s Read about Important List Of 46 Ramsar Sites In India 2021, Ramsar Sites In India list, Ramsar sites in India upsc, How many Ramsar sites are in India ?

~ The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and management of wetlands. This international treaty was signed on 2 February 1971 in Ramsar, Iran. Hence it is known as Ramsar Convention. This agreement came into effect from 21st December 1975.

~ The aim of Ramsar Convention was “conservation and wise use of wetlands with local, national and international cooperation for overall sustainable development of the world”.

~ The list of Ramsar sites aims to develop an international network of wetlands. that are important to human life through the conservation of global biodiversity and the maintenance and benefits of their ecosystem components and processes.

~ A wetland area is an area where the land is covered with water. It include mangroves, marshes, rivers, lakes, deltas, floodplains and flooded forests, rice-fields, coral reefs, marine areas no deeper than 6 metres at low tide, as well as human-made wetlands such as waste-water treatment ponds and reservoirs

~ The wetland area is one of the most productive ecosystems on Earth. It provides many important services to human society such as water for irrigation, fisheries, non-timber products, water supply and biodiversity maintenance etc. The wetland area also reduces the effects of floods by absorbing water. This reduces the speed of water flow.

~ World Wetlands Day is celebrated every year on 2 February. World Wetlands Day was first observed in 1997.

~ There are currently more than 2400 Ramsar sites in the world covering an area of 2.5 million sq. kilometres.

~ The world’s first Ramsar site was declared in 1974. Which was the Cobourg Peninsula, located in Australia.

~ The Ramsar convention came into force in India on 1 February 1982.

~ The National Wetlands Conservation Program was implemented in the year 2012-13 for the conservation and management of wetlands in India.

~ The Sundarbans Wetland located in West Bengal is the largest Ramsar site in India. It is spread over an area of ​​about 4230 square kilometres.

~ Renuka Wetland area located in Himachal Pradesh is the smallest Ramsar site in India. It is spread over an area of ​​about 0.2 square kilometer.

~ Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of 8 Ramsar sites in India.

` In October 1981, two sites in India were first declared as Ramsar sites. Chilika Lake in Odisha and Keoladeo National Park in Rajasthan.

List Of 46 Ramsar Sites In India 2021 -:

Sr. No.List of Ramsar Sites In IndiaStateYear
1.Chilika LakeOdisha1981
2.Keoladeo National ParkRajasthan1981
3.Loktak lakeManipur1990
4.Wular lakeJammu & Kashmir1990
5.Harike WetlandsPunjab1990
6.Sambhar lakeRajasthan1990
7.Kanjli WetlandPunjab2002
8.Ropar WetlandPunjab2002
9.Kolleru lakeAndhra Pradesh2002
10.Deepor BeelAssam2002
11.Pong Dam lakeHimachal Pradesh2002
12.Tsomoriri lakeLadakh2002
13.Ashtamudi WetlandKerala2002
14.Sasthamkotta lakeKerala2002
15.Vembanad Kol WetlandKerala2002
16.Bhoj WetlandsMadhya Pradesh2002
17.Bhitarkanika MangrovesOdisha2002
18.Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu2002
19.East Kolkata WetlandsWest Bengal2002
20.Chandra TaalHimachal Pradesh2005
21.Renuka lakeHimachal Pradesh2005
22.Hokera WetlandJammu & Kashmir2005
23.Surinsar- Mansar lakesJammu & Kashmir2005
24.Rudrasagar LakeTripura2005
25.Upper Ganga riverUttar Pradesh2005
26.Nalsarovar Bird sanctuaryGujarat2012
27.Sunderban WetlandWest Bengal2019
28.Nandur MadhameshwarMaharashtra2019
29.Nawabganj Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh2019
30.Keshopur-Miani Community ReservePunjab2019
31.Beas Conservation ReservePunjab2019
32.Nangal Wildlife SanctuaryPunjab2019
33.Sandi Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh2019
34.Samaspur Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh2019
35.Saman Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh2019
36.Parvati Arga Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh2019
37.Sarsai Nawar JheelUttar Pradesh2019
38.Asan BarrageUttarakhand2020
39.Kanwar Lake or Kabal TaalBihar2020
40.Lonar LakeMaharashtra2020
41.Sur Sarovar or Keetham LakeUttar Pradesh2020
42.Tso Kar Wetland ComplexLadakh2020
43.Bhindawas Wildlife SanctuaryHaryana2021
44.Sultanpur National ParkHaryana2021
45.Thol Lake Wildlife SanctuaryGujarat2021
46.Wadhwana WetlandGujarat2021

Currently how many Ramsar sites are in India ?

46 Ramsar Sites In India

Which is the smallest Ramsar Site in India ?

Renuka Wetland

Which is the largest Ramsar Site in India ?

Sundarban Wetland

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