Let’s Read about Important List Of 46 Ramsar Sites In India 2021, Ramsar Sites In India list, Ramsar sites in India upsc, How many Ramsar sites are in India ?
~ The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and management of wetlands. This international treaty was signed on 2 February 1971 in Ramsar, Iran. Hence it is known as Ramsar Convention. This agreement came into effect from 21st December 1975.
~ The aim of Ramsar Convention was “conservation and wise use of wetlands with local, national and international cooperation for overall sustainable development of the world”.
~ The list of Ramsar sites aims to develop an international network of wetlands. that are important to human life through the conservation of global biodiversity and the maintenance and benefits of their ecosystem components and processes.
~ A wetland area is an area where the land is covered with water. It include mangroves, marshes, rivers, lakes, deltas, floodplains and flooded forests, rice-fields, coral reefs, marine areas no deeper than 6 metres at low tide, as well as human-made wetlands such as waste-water treatment ponds and reservoirs
~ The wetland area is one of the most productive ecosystems on Earth. It provides many important services to human society such as water for irrigation, fisheries, non-timber products, water supply and biodiversity maintenance etc. The wetland area also reduces the effects of floods by absorbing water. This reduces the speed of water flow.
~ World Wetlands Day is celebrated every year on 2 February. World Wetlands Day was first observed in 1997.
~ There are currently more than 2400 Ramsar sites in the world covering an area of 2.5 million sq. kilometres.
~ The world’s first Ramsar site was declared in 1974. Which was the Cobourg Peninsula, located in Australia.
~ The Ramsar convention came into force in India on 1 February 1982.
~ The National Wetlands Conservation Program was implemented in the year 2012-13 for the conservation and management of wetlands in India.
~ The Sundarbans Wetland located in West Bengal is the largest Ramsar site in India. It is spread over an area of about 4230 square kilometres.
~ Renuka Wetland area located in Himachal Pradesh is the smallest Ramsar site in India. It is spread over an area of about 0.2 square kilometer.
~ Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of 8 Ramsar sites in India.
` In October 1981, two sites in India were first declared as Ramsar sites. Chilika Lake in Odisha and Keoladeo National Park in Rajasthan.
List Of 46 Ramsar Sites In India 2021 -:
|Sr. No.||List of Ramsar Sites In India||State||Year|
|2.||Keoladeo National Park||Rajasthan||1981|
|4.||Wular lake||Jammu & Kashmir||1990|
|9.||Kolleru lake||Andhra Pradesh||2002|
|11.||Pong Dam lake||Himachal Pradesh||2002|
|15.||Vembanad Kol Wetland||Kerala||2002|
|16.||Bhoj Wetlands||Madhya Pradesh||2002|
|18.||Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||2002|
|19.||East Kolkata Wetlands||West Bengal||2002|
|20.||Chandra Taal||Himachal Pradesh||2005|
|21.||Renuka lake||Himachal Pradesh||2005|
|22.||Hokera Wetland||Jammu & Kashmir||2005|
|23.||Surinsar- Mansar lakes||Jammu & Kashmir||2005|
|25.||Upper Ganga river||Uttar Pradesh||2005|
|26.||Nalsarovar Bird sanctuary||Gujarat||2012|
|27.||Sunderban Wetland||West Bengal||2019|
|29.||Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||2019|
|30.||Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve||Punjab||2019|
|31.||Beas Conservation Reserve||Punjab||2019|
|32.||Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary||Punjab||2019|
|33.||Sandi Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||2019|
|34.||Samaspur Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||2019|
|35.||Saman Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||2019|
|36.||Parvati Arga Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||2019|
|37.||Sarsai Nawar Jheel||Uttar Pradesh||2019|
|39.||Kanwar Lake or Kabal Taal||Bihar||2020|
|41.||Sur Sarovar or Keetham Lake||Uttar Pradesh||2020|
|42.||Tso Kar Wetland Complex||Ladakh||2020|
|43.||Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary||Haryana||2021|
|44.||Sultanpur National Park||Haryana||2021|
|45.||Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary||Gujarat||2021|
Currently how many Ramsar sites are in India ?
46 Ramsar Sites In India
Which is the smallest Ramsar Site in India ?
Which is the largest Ramsar Site in India ?
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