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List of Bharat Ratna Award Winners 2023 with important facts

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India’s highest civilian honor, the Bharat Ratna, holds a special place in the hearts of millions as it recognizes exceptional contributions and achievements that have left an indelible mark on the nation. Since its inception in 1954, the Bharat Ratna has been bestowed upon a select group of individuals who have excelled in various fields, from arts and sciences to public service and sports. This prestigious award not only celebrates their remarkable accomplishments but also serves as an inspiration for generations to come.

Important Facts About Bharat Ratna Award -:

~ Bharat Ratna Award is the highest civilian award of the India.

~ Bharat Ratna award was established by former President of India Rajendra Prasad on 2nd January 1954.

~ The recommendations for the Bharat Ratna award are made by the Prime Minister of India to the President of India.

~ The award is named after the Sanskrit word “Bharata”, which means “India”. The word “Ratna” means “gem” or “jewel”. The award is therefore a symbol of India’s highest honour.

~ It is given for exceptional service to the nation towards the advancement of Science, Literature and Art, Sports and in recognition of Public Service of the highest order. In December 2011, the Government of India modified the criteria to allow sportsperson to receive the award. since then, the Bharat Ratna award can be given for the performance of highest order in any field of human endeavor.

~ Maximum three persons can be awarded in a specific year.

~ It is not mandatory that Bharat Ratna has to be awarded every year.

~ Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex is eligible for the award.

~ Bharat ratna award winner receive a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a peepal leaf-shaped medallion.

~ The Bharat Ratna award medals are produced at Alipore Mint, Kolkata.

~ Bharat ratna award medal changes with the time. Earlier the medal was made of gold circle 35 mm in diameter with a centered sunburst design on the obverse side. The text Bharat Ratna in Devanagari Script, is inscribed on the upper edge in silver gilt with a wreath set along on the lower edge. A platinum State Emblem of India was placed in the centre of the reverse side with the national motto Satyameva Jayate ( Truth alone triumphs ) in Devanagari Script, inscribed in silver-gilt on the lower edge.

~ A year later In 1955, the medal was modified. Now The current medal is in the shape of a peepal leaf, approximately 59 mm long, 48 mm wide and 3.2 mm thick and rimmed in platinum. The embossed sunburst design, made of platinum. The words Bharat Ratna on the obverse side remained the same as the 1954 design as did the emblem of India and Satyameva Jayate on the reverse side. In 1957, the silver-gilt decoration was changed to burnished bronze. The medallion is worn around the neck using a white ribbon.

~ Bharat Ratna Award Winners do not recieve any prize money.

~ The first recipients of the Bharat Ratna award were Sarvepalli Radhakrishna, C. Rajagopalachari & C. V. Raman. They were awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1954.

~ The first female recipient of Bharat Ratna was Indira Gandhi.

~ Sachin Tendulkar is the youngest person to recieve Bharat Ratna Award at the age of 40 years.

~ Former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri was the first person to have received the Bharat Ratna posthumously in 1966.

~ In 1992, Subhash Chandra Bose was awarded Bharat Ratna posthumously. As there is no solid evidence of Subhash Chandra Bose’s death so his family declined to receive the award.

~ There is no formal provision that Bharat Ratna winners should be Indian citizens only. Bharat Ratna has been awarded to a naturalized Indian citizen, Mother Teresa (1980) and to two non-Indians, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1987) and Nelson Mandela (1990).

~ The Bharat Ratna winners come 7th in the Indian order of precedence behind the President, Vice-President, Prime Minister, State Governors, former Presidents and the Deputy Prime Minister, Lok Sabha Speaker and Chief Justice of India.

Bharat Ratna Award Winners list 2023 -:

S. No.List of Bharat Ratna Award WinnersYear
1.C. Rajagopalachari1954
2.Sarvepalli Dr. Radhakrishnan1954
3.C. V. Raman1954
4.Bhagwan Das1955
5.M. Visvesvaraya1955
6.Jawaharlal Nehru1955
7.Govind Ballabh Pant1957
8.Dhondo Keshav Karve1958
9.Bidhan Chandra Roy1961
10.Purushottam Das Tandon1961
11.Rajendra Prasad1962
12.Zakir Husain1963
13.Pandurang Vaman Kane1963
14.Lal Bahadur Shastri ( Posthumously )1966
15.Indira Gandhi1971
16.V. V. Giri1975
17.K. Kamaraj ( Posthumously )1976
18.Mother Teresa1980
19.Vinoba Bhave ( Posthumously )1983
20.Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan1987
21.M. G. Ramachandran ( Posthumously )1988
22.B. R. Ambedkar ( Posthumously )1990
23.Nelson Mandela1990
24.Rajiv Gandhi ( Posthumously )1991
25.Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel ( Posthumously )1991
26.Morarji Desai1991
27.Abul Kalam Azad ( Posthumously )1992
28.J. R. D. Tata1992
29.Satyajit Ray1992
30.Gulzarilal Nanda ( Posthumously )1997
31.Aruna Asaf Ali ( Posthumously )1997
32.A. P. J. Abdul Kalam1997
33.M. S. Subbulakshmi1998
34.Chidambaram Subramaniam1998
35.Jayaprakash Narayan ( Posthumously )1998
36.Amartya Sen1999
37.Gopinath Bordoloi ( Posthumously )1999
38.Ravi Shankar1999
39.Lata Mangeshkar2001
40.Bismillah Khan2001
41.Bhimsen Joshi2009
42.C. N. R. Rao2014
43.Sachin Tendulkar2014
44.Madan Mohan Malaviya2015
45.Atal Bihari Vajpayee2015
46.Pranab Mukherjee2019
47.Nanaji Deshmukh ( Posthumously )2019
48.Bhupen Hazarika ( Posthumously )2019

Some Of The Remarkable Bharat Ratna Award Winner -:

Over the years, the Bharat Ratna has been bestowed upon individuals from a wide spectrum of domains, showcasing the nation’s rich tapestry of talent and accomplishments. Let’s explore some of the notable awardees from different fields :

The Bharat Ratna Award was first introduced on January 2, 1954, by the then-President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad. The inaugural recipients were chosen for their outstanding contributions to nation-building and their extraordinary dedication to their respective fields.

C. Rajagopalachari (1954) : The very first recipient of the Bharat Ratna, C. Rajagopalachari, popularly known as Rajaji, was a multifaceted personality – a freedom fighter, politician, and a revered statesman. He played an instrumental role in India’s struggle for independence and also served as the last Governor-General of India.

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1954) : A distinguished philosopher, Dr. Radhakrishnan was a champion of education and intellectual discourse. His commitment to promoting Indian philosophy both within the country and abroad earned him widespread recognition.

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (1954) : Renowned for his groundbreaking work in the field of physics, Raman’s discovery of the Raman Effect led to a deeper understanding of light scattering and its applications in scientific research.

Bhagwan Das (1955) : Bhagwan Das was an educationist, thinker, and founder of the Kashi Vidyapith. He was an ardent advocate of social reforms, women’s education, and the upliftment of the marginalized.

M. Visvesvaraya (1955) : Engineer par excellence, M. Visvesvaraya’s contributions to modernizing India’s infrastructure are monumental. His visionary ideas and inventions have laid the foundation for the nation’s growth.

Jawaharlal Nehru (1955) : The first Prime Minister of independent India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s enduring legacy lies in his leadership during the tumultuous years post-independence. His commitment to democratic ideals and nation-building earned him a revered place in history.

Govind Ballabh Pant (1957) : A freedom fighter and statesman, Govind Ballabh Pant was a pivotal figure in the development of modern Uttarakhand (formerly part of Uttar Pradesh). His contributions to education, governance, and social welfare remain exemplary.

Dhondo Keshav Karve (1958) : Known as ‘Maharishi Karve,’ he was a social reformer and educator who championed women’s rights and advocated for widow remarriage and women’s education.

Bidhan Chandra Roy (1961) : Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, a physician and politician, served as the second Chief Minister of West Bengal for 14 consecutive years. His dedication to public health and development made him a beloved leader.

Purushottam Das Tandon (1961) : A freedom fighter and a staunch advocate for Hindi as the national language, Purushottam Das Tandon played a key role in promoting linguistic harmony and national integration.

Rajendra Prasad (1962) : Rajendra Prasad was the first President of independent India. A staunch Gandhian and prominent freedom fighter, he was a key figure in the drafting of the Indian Constitution and played a pivotal role in the nation’s early years.

Zakir Husain (1963) : Zakir Husain, a distinguished scholar and educationist, served as India’s third President. He was a strong advocate for education and social reform, working tirelessly to promote inclusivity and access to quality education.

Pandurang Vaman Kane (1963) : Pandurang Vaman Kane was a renowned scholar and Indologist. His extensive work on the history of Dharmashastra and the study of ancient Indian texts contributed significantly to the understanding of Indian culture and tradition.

Lal Bahadur Shastri (1966) : Lal Bahadur Shastri, India’s second Prime Minister, was a pragmatic leader known for his simplicity and integrity. He played a crucial role in India’s response to various challenges, including the 1965 Indo-Pak war.

Indira Gandhi (1971) : As India’s first female Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi’s tenure was marked by both challenges and achievements. Her strong leadership during critical moments in Indian history, such as the liberation of Bangladesh, cemented her legacy.

V. V. Giri (1975) : Varahagiri Venkata Giri, a prominent labor leader and politician, served as the fourth President of India. He was known for his commitment to workers’ rights and his efforts to uplift marginalized sections of society.

K. Kamaraj (1976) : Kumaraswami Kamaraj, popularly known as K. Kamaraj, was a charismatic political leader and freedom fighter. He played a crucial role in the Indian National Congress and was instrumental in advancing education and rural development.

Mother Teresa (1980) : Revered worldwide for her selfless service to the destitute and marginalized, Mother Teresa’s humanitarian efforts through the Missionaries of Charity left an indelible impact on society.

Vinoba Bhave (1983) : Vinoba Bhave, a spiritual leader and social reformer, is best known for his Bhoodan (Land Gift) movement, which aimed to redistribute land to the landless. His efforts towards rural development and community service were acknowledged with the Bharat Ratna.

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1987) : Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, also known as “Frontier Gandhi,” was a prominent freedom fighter and advocate of non-violence. He worked tirelessly to promote education and social harmony, especially among the Pashtun community.

M. G. Ramachandran (1988) : M. G. Ramachandran, popularly called MGR, was a beloved actor-turned-politician and the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. He was known for his significant contributions to the film industry and his efforts in the fields of healthcare and public welfare.

Nelson Mandela (1990) : Nelson Mandela, the iconic anti-apartheid revolutionary and former President of South Africa, was honored with the Bharat Ratna for his global impact on human rights, justice, and equality.

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar (1990) : Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, often hailed as the father of the Indian Constitution, was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1990 for his tireless efforts in advocating for the rights of marginalized communities and his pivotal role in drafting the Constitution of India.

Rajiv Gandhi (1991) : Rajiv Gandhi, India’s youngest Prime Minister, introduced technological advancements and economic reforms during his tenure. He is remembered for his efforts to modernize India’s economy and infrastructure.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (1991) : Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, often referred to as the “Iron Man of India,” was a key figure in India’s struggle for independence and played a vital role in the integration of princely states into the newly formed nation.

Morarji Desai (1991) : Morarji Desai, the fourth Prime Minister of India, was known for his simplicity and ethical values. His contributions to politics and public service spanned several decades.

Abul Kalam Azad (1992) : Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, a freedom fighter and scholar, was a prominent leader in India’s struggle for independence. His commitment to education and his role in shaping modern India were acknowledged with the Bharat Ratna.

J. R. D. Tata (1992) : Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata, a visionary industrialist and philanthropist, was instrumental in the growth of the Tata Group and the development of various sectors in India.

Satyajit Ray (1992) : Satyajit Ray, a legendary filmmaker, is celebrated for his contributions to Indian cinema and his artistic excellence. His films continue to be acclaimed both nationally and internationally.

Gulzarilal Nanda (1997) : Gulzarilal Nanda was a respected politician and economist who twice served as the interim Prime Minister of India. His dedication to public service and contributions to economic policy earned him the Bharat Ratna.

Aruna Asaf Ali (1997) : Aruna Asaf Ali, a prominent freedom fighter, played an active role in India’s struggle for independence. Her bravery and resilience in the face of adversity made her a symbol of courage and determination.

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam (1997) : Popularly known as the “Missile Man of India,” Dr. Kalam played a pivotal role in the development of India’s missile and nuclear programs. His contributions to space and defense technology remain invaluable.

M. S. Subbulakshmi (1998) : M. S. Subbulakshmi, a legendary Carnatic vocalist, is celebrated for her mesmerizing voice and dedication to Indian classical music. She remains an inspiration to countless musicians and music enthusiasts.

Chidambaram Subramaniam (1998) : Chidambaram Subramaniam, an eminent agricultural scientist and politician, made significant contributions to agricultural research and development. His efforts led to advancements in India’s food security.

Jayaprakash Narayan (1998) : Jayaprakash Narayan, popularly known as JP, was a prominent social reformer and political leader. His role in mobilizing the masses against corruption and authoritarianism during the Emergency period earned him widespread respect.

Amartya Sen (1999) : Nobel laureate economist Amartya Sen’s work on welfare economics and development theory has had a profound impact on policy-making and global discourse on poverty and inequality.

Gopinath Bordoloi (1999) : Gopinath Bordoloi, popularly known as “Lokapriya,” was a freedom fighter and the first Chief Minister of Assam. His contributions to Assamese society and politics were pivotal in shaping the state’s identity.

Ravi Shankar (1999) : Sitar maestro Pandit Ravi Shankar introduced Indian classical music to the world stage, collaborating with renowned musicians and promoting cultural exchange through his performances.

Lata Mangeshkar (2001) : The nightingale of India, Lata Mangeshkar, has enriched Indian music with her soulful melodies for decades, earning her a special place in the hearts of music enthusiasts.

Bismillah Khan (2001) : Ustad Bismillah Khan, a legendary shehnai maestro, is celebrated for his exceptional contributions to Hindustani classical music. His performances enriched the cultural heritage of India.

Bhimsen Joshi (2009) : Pandit Bhimsen Joshi, a distinguished Hindustani classical vocalist, captivated audiences with his soul-stirring renditions and mastery of the khayal genre.

C. N. R. Rao (2014) : C. N. R. Rao, a renowned chemist, has made significant contributions to the field of solid-state and materials chemistry. His research has earned him international acclaim.

Sachin Tendulkar (2014) : Often referred to as the “God of Cricket,” Tendulkar’s cricketing prowess and sportsmanship have made him a national icon and a symbol of India’s cricketing legacy.

Madan Mohan Malaviya (2015) : Madan Mohan Malaviya, a freedom fighter and educationist, was instrumental in establishing the Banaras Hindu University and promoting education in India.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee (2015) : Atal Bihari Vajpayee, a distinguished statesman and the Lovable Prime Minister of India, was recognized for his leadership, statesmanship, and contributions to India’s progress.

Pranab Mukherjee (2019) : A veteran statesman and the 13th President of India, Pranab Mukherjee’s distinguished political career and his deep commitment to the nation earned him the Bharat Ratna.

Bhupen Hazarika (2019) : The multifaceted artist, Bhupen Hazarika, was honored posthumously in 2019 for his exceptional contributions to Indian music, literature, and cinema.

Nanaji Deshmukh (2019) : Social activist and leader Nanaji Deshmukh was also posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna in 2019 for his relentless efforts in rural development and community service.

Impact on India and Beyond

The recipients of the Bharat Ratna have left an indelible mark on society and have inspired generations through their exceptional achievements. Their contributions have not only elevated India’s global standing but have also advanced fields critical to human progress. For instance :

Scientific Advancement : Award-winning scientists have played pivotal roles in shaping India’s scientific landscape, leading to innovations in nuclear research, space exploration, and more.

Cultural Enrichment : Literary giants and artists have showcased India’s cultural diversity and artistic brilliance on the world stage, fostering greater appreciation and understanding of Indian heritage.

Social Transformation : Visionaries and social reformers have worked tirelessly to uplift marginalized communities, championing equality, education, and healthcare.

Sporting Excellence : Athletes have inspired millions with their dedication and accomplishments, fostering a culture of sportsmanship and national pride.

Diplomatic Influence : Political leaders and statespersons have shaped India’s foreign policy and global relations, contributing to regional stability and international cooperation.

A Beacon of Inspiration

The Bharat Ratna Award not only celebrates individual achievements but also serves as a beacon of inspiration for the entire nation. The stories of these remarkable individuals remind us of the power of dedication, determination, and the pursuit of excellence. Their contributions have not only enriched their respective fields but have also elevated India’s stature on the global stage.

The Bharat Ratna Award winners list reads like a chronicle of India’s finest minds and exceptional souls. From pioneering scientists to visionary leaders, from artistic maestros to selfless humanitarians, the recipients of this prestigious award have left an indelible mark on India’s history and culture. Their contributions continue to shape the nation’s destiny and inspire future generations to strive for excellence and make a positive impact on society. As we honor their remarkable achievements, let us also reflect on the values they embody and the legacy they have bequeathed to us.

The Bharat Ratna Award stands as a symbol of India’s appreciation for exceptional contributions across a wide spectrum of human endeavors. The recipients’ achievements have left an indelible mark on the nation’s history, culture, and progress. The list of Bharat Ratna Award winners continues to grow, with each addition representing the nation’s gratitude towards those who have tirelessly worked to uplift society, advance knowledge, and promote unity.

This prestigious award reflects the ideals of excellence, service, and innovation, and serves as a source of inspiration for generations to come. As we celebrate the achievements of the Bharat Ratna laureates, we must remember that their dedication and passion have played an instrumental role in shaping the India we know today.

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